Notes on method and theory

The paper details what they did in terms of searching. It is interesting that there is no mention of snowballing and citation tracking. It's difficult to imagine that there was none of this.

There is a detailed, mechanical account of how the initial set of papers were culled. Notice also that they were restricted by access to the journals their institutions had access to. This poses serious limitations if there happens to be a "pearl" in the journals they could not access. You don't have the problem!

After arriving at a smaller set, i.e. culling the material judged to be irrelevant they moved to appraise the remaining papers and reduce the set to a more manageable size. They used criteria and gave each paper a rating.

(a) a well-focused research question; (b) an appropriate research design; (c) a well-described and appropriate sampling strategy, data collection, and analysis method; and (d) a clear description of the research findings.

The quality filtering only removed four papers. They used a checklist from the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme.

To this point in the paper there is passing reference to models with perhaps an implicit gesturing to theory. The word theory does not appear in the text! The paper makes use of a variety of models that relate to the themes around which the paper has been constructed.

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